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There was a time when silk was unique in its quality and beauty. Wearing a silk dress was considered aristocracy. But, it was not readily available to everyone because of the high price. That’s why there was a need for something that would be like silk in quality and beauty and would also be affordable. Viscose Rayon fabric becomes one of the alternatives of Silk. Here is a brief of Viscose Rayon Fabric for you.
A brief history of viscose
Viscose Rayon was invented in Europe. French scientist and industrialist Hilaire de Chardonnet invented the first commercial Viscose. It was withdrawn from the market as it had high flammability despite being cheaper. In 1892, British scientists Charles Frederick Cross, Edward John Bevan, and Clayton Beadle invented the production process of viscose rayon fabric and from 1905 it started its commercial journey. They also have a patent for this production process.
Quality and Material
Of all the fibers, Rayon is the most deceived to understand. It is not a natural fiber, nor is it a synthetic fiber. It can be called semi-synthetic fiber. It is a fiber that is made with regenerating natural material. Although it looks like cotton, silk, linen, or wool and although its preparation is like polyester. It does not mean that its behavior and properties will be like all these fibers. Rayon has some variations of its own. However, since it is a regenerated cellulose fiber, its structure is very similar to that of cotton. It is also called artificial silk.
It is often difficult to distinguish between Rayon and Viscos, but it is important to have a clear idea:
Viscose rayon is one of the different types of rayon.
Although the preparation of rayon and viscose rayon is the same, there are some differences in the raw material. Although rayon is made from the cellulose of different types of trees such as bamboo, sugar cane, etc., viscose rayon is made from the softwood pulp and cotton linters (when the staple cotton is removed by ginning, short cellulose fiber left on the seed which called inters. they are used to make cellulose products) of the tree.
The preparation of viscose rayon uses less baking soda (NaOH) and is less durable than other rayon.
Regular or viscose rayon is the most common, versatile, and most successful rayon. It is possible to make a variety of fabrics by combining them with natural or man-made fibers.
Features of Viscose Rayon Fabric
- It is a soft fiber.
- This fabric is widely used as a dress fabric.
- It looks like silk feels like cotton.
- Due to its good absorption capacity (better than cotton), it can easily absorb dye particles
- It is quite suitable for dark and bright-colored fabrics.
- Viscose Rayon Fabric is comfortable to wear.
- The price is much lower as raw materials come from nature.
- The hanging ability is great and its peeling is not a problem.
- It does not generate static electricity.
- Rayon’s absorption capacity is much better than other cellulose fibers (even cotton, linen), so it easily absorbs sweat from the body and turns it into steam. And for this, Rayon is very useful as Summer Fabric.
- Rayon’s energy is moderate in the dry state but it loses a lot of energy in the wet state.
Disadvantages of Viscose Rayon Fabric
- It folds easily.
- Although the raw material for making rayon comes from nature, its preparation method consumes a lot of water and energy. That’s why it’s not a sustainable product for the environment.
- It loses strength under the influence of wet or excessive light. Its strength is lower than other cellulose fibers.
- There is a tendency to shrink in washing.
- It is prone to damage by fungi, acids, and high temperatures.
Although Viscose Rayon Fabric was invented as an alternative to silk, its popularity is declining day by day due to its negative impact on the environment. And the alternative is the lyocell process which is more environmentally friendly and produces less waste. We expect that with the advent of technology, new fibers will meet.