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Isn’t it annoying when you start your sewing project, your sewing machine starts troubling you? We understand your frustration. But at the end of the day, it’s a machine that has nothing personal with you! You can buy the best sewing machine. But if you don’t take care of it properly then it will trouble you in every step. That’s why you need to know what type of sewing machine problem and how to solve it. Craftincloud tried to find out the most common sewing machine problems which you will face. That will help you to aware of those issues while you use them. In most cases, proper maintenance or precaution can help to stop these issues to arise. Let’s look into the details.
- 1 Common Sewing Machine Problems and Remedies
- 1.1 Thread Tension in Sewing Machine
- 1.2 Sewing Machine Keeps Jamming
- 1.3 Skipped Stitches
- 1.4 Sewing Machine Troubleshooting Loose Stitches
- 1.5 Sewing Machine Stitch Length Problems
- 1.6 Sewing Machine Bobbin Case Problems
- 1.7 Top Thread Keeps Breaking
- 1.8 Sewing Machine Not Sewing
- 1.9 Sewing Machine Thread Keeps Breaking at Needle
- 1.10 How to Fix Sewing Machine Timing
- 1.11 Sewing Machine Feed Dog Problems
- 1.12 Sewing Machine Noise
- 1.13 Decorative Stitch Not Working
- 1.14 Uneven Stitch
- 1.15 Oil Leak in Sewing Machine
- 1.16 Seams are Puckered and Distorted
- 2 Final Words
Common Sewing Machine Problems and Remedies
Thread Tension in Sewing Machine
Thread tension is an indicator of the amount of thread that can pass through the machine while stitching. If you loosen the knob of thread tension, then more thread will be passed, and tighten the knob then less thread will pass.
First of all, if you are a beginner and suffering from sewing machine tension, then we would recommend you to try to stitch in different types of fabric or mock-up by changing thread tension. That will give you an idea it how to adjust thread tension in different fabrics and parts of the garment. Don’t forget that thread flows from the top and also from the bobbin. So bobbin tension also needs to check while you are doing trial & error. If you still feel that you are comfortable with thread tension then look for sewing machine problems. Clean the bobbin and pathway of the thread. Also, change the thread and check if it’s workable now. It depends a lot on thread quality also.
Sewing Machine Keeps Jamming
My sewing machine keeps jamming! Is it the machine’s fault? It can be, but it also needs to consider what type of materials we are using for sewing. If we use low-quality thread and needles, then it’s obvious that the machine will not be at its best performance. Also, dust inside the machine can cause thread jamming.
An issue like thread jamming in the bobbin area can be caused by both dust and low thread quality. Clean the bobbin regularly especially before you start sewing. And also, try to use a good quality thread that has a smooth surface.
Another issue like sewing machine jams after few stitches can cause due to tuning of the machine. Also, the fabric will not pass smoothly and can cause thread bunching if you are trying to stitch a heavyweight fabric in a sewing machine that is built for lightweight fabric.
The main reason for sewing machines skipping stitches and shredding thread is needle & thread. Due to needle top thread cannot catch bobbin thread properly which, cause skipping stitches. Use needle in proper size. Also, check if the needle has been set properly before you start stitching. Try to use good-quality thread to avoid problems with sewing machine stitches. You need to check the sewing machine’s timing to see if you need to call a mechanic.
Sewing Machine Troubleshooting Loose Stitches
Loose stitches will have an impact on the safety of the garment. That why you need to tune your fabric, needle, top & bobbin thread properly and thread tension. These are the most common reason for loose stitches.
Sewing Machine Stitch Length Problems
We have already discussed the causes of stitch length problems in previous points. Looseness in stitches and skipping stitches are the key reason for stitch length issues. If you solve them, we hope there won’t be an issue.
Sewing Machine Bobbin Case Problems
To solve bobbin case issues first, you need to use the bobbin in the correct size and type. If it’s not in the right size then this will pop out or won’t come up properly. Also will have an issue with stitching. Try to change the thread of the bobbin if there any sudden issue came up.
Top Thread Keeps Breaking
If your sewing machine’s thread keeps breaking then check the manual of your machine to know how to thread a sewing machine needle. Threading not only for the needle. There is a well-designed pathway throughout the machine. If you do not follow this you may face breaking
Sewing Machine Not Sewing
If your sewing machine is not stitching then, check below.
- If the thread is thicker then the needle
- Broken needle or thread
- If Top thread threaded properly
- Feed dog jamming due to dust
- Scarcity of lubricant in the oil chamber
Sewing Machine Thread Keeps Breaking at Needle
This one of the common problems amongst the sewing machine problems. It usually happened due to the tightness of the thread tension than required. So follow the guideline of threading and also adjust the tension of the thread so that the thread can run smoothly.
How to Fix Sewing Machine Timing
That is the mechanical tuning of your sewing machine and recommended consulting with the experts to solve this issue. But we are giving you a brief so that you can know that your sewing machine has a timing issue.
Sewing machine timing, known as hook timing is the relation of hook and needle eye. Both hook and needle eye have to be fine-tuned To make a stitch. otherwise, issues like stitch skipping will arise. To know if your sewing machine has a timing issue, check if the needle is bent or not and also if it’s attached properly. If it’s ok then check the timing. Put the needle at the lowest position and raise it to 3/32 of an inch. If the hook meets thread just at the top of the eye then it’s fine otherwise you need to fix it.
Sewing Machine Feed Dog Problems
The sewing machine’s feed dog helps to run fabric in-between needle and stitch plate. If the feed dog is not running properly, then remove the stitch plate with a screwdriver and check if it’s properly clean & attached. You need to consult with an expert if the fabric is not feeding after checking everything fine.
Sewing Machine Noise
It’s very irritating when the sewing machine starts making noises. But most importantly this an indication of the problem that your sewing machine is having. A machine can make Clunking, Grinding, and Banging Noises. When you hear these types of noises then follow the below points.
- Check if the needle is broken or bent which hitting plate
- Check if the thread clogged inside
- Clean the machine
- Use lubricant so that all parts can run properly
Decorative Stitch Not Working
If the decorative stitch is not working properly then that can be an indication of using the wrong needle size/model and pressure foot. Also, you need to cross-check if the setting of stitch length and width is ok. Read the user manual carefully to get guidance or contact with customer service.
Use the proper needle to avoid uneven stitch. We would recommend you use a ballpoint needle that will push fiber on the other side while stitching. This will help to avoid uneven stitch and, also the quality of the stitch will be nice.
Oil Leak in Sewing Machine
Leaking Oil is a mechanical issue. Please check if your sewing machine’s oil chamber leaks. If not then clean the machine and do not put excess reserve. Consult with an expert if you still face this issue after trying everything.
Seams are Puckered and Distorted
Adjust thread tension and feed dog to avoid seam puckering. But your skill of handling fabric while also comes to play to avoid this kind of issue. It depends a lot on, how much pressure you are giving to pull/push fabric while sewing.
Dear Sewers, we hope you have noticed that the sewing machine problems we have discussed in this clothing study are mostly related to materials & adjustment rather than the machine’s mechanical problem. So if you want to stay confident and save time while sewing tries to use the best materials. Making fine-tuning will help you to get satisfaction so try to do as much as trial and error to know your machine well. Also, you will find good sewing machine troubleshooting guidelines from the machine’s user manual.
Love your sewing machine and be a happy sewer.
Let us know what problems you are facing in your crafting journey and how you are solving them. You can Email us and also Comment below.
We also like to recommend you to read our article about How to Fix Embroidery Mistakes.