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We all agree on the fact that natural resource is always better than any artificial materials. In the world of textiles, we can see the usage of both natural and artificial fibers. It varies due to price and fabric quality requirements. In this article, we will travel all around the world and will try to understand 10 types of natural fiber that you should know about. This highly informative article may help you to increase your depth of knowledge and to imply them in your professional life.
- 1 10 Types of Natural Fiber
- 2 Cotton Fiber – King of Natural Fiber
- 3 Silk Fiber – How is Silk Made
- 4 Hemp Fiber
- 5 Bamboo Fiber
- 6 Coffee Ground Fibers
- 7 Banana Fiber
- 8 Pineapple Fiber – Pinatex
- 9 Orange Fiber – Award-Winning Natural Fiber
- 10 Milk Fiber – Healthy Natural Fiber
- 11 PLA Fiber – Natural Fiber from Corn
- 12 Final Words for Natural Fiber
10 Types of Natural Fiber
Cotton Fiber – King of Natural Fiber
Cotton is a vegetable fiber. From the mature capsules of the cotton plant, it is obtained. Cotton plants consist of about 40 cm of slub, red & yellow leaves, and flowers. When the flower is fecundated, its petals fall off and within 25 days a capsule grows around a leaf called BRAC.
The capsule has a round drop shape at the bottom edge. Inside the capsule are five to eight seeds on which the fiber is made. The capsule is divided into four parts when it is matured.
More time is required to harvest the cotton as the maturation of the capsules in the same plant does not occur simultaneously. Cotton comes out a week after the crop matures. The first operation after harvesting is Husking, which allows the removal of fibers from the seeds.
History of Cotton
No one could say exactly how many years ago yarn was discovered. However, scientists searching various caves in Mexico. They have found yarn bowls and pieces of cotton cloth. They have been tested & proved to be at least 6,000 years old. At present in America, the cotton trees growing.
3,000 years ago, in the Indus Valley of Pakistan, cotton was cultivated, and woven cloth from that. Around the same time, the aborigines of the Nile Valley of Egypt began to make yarn to make garments. Arab traders took yarn cloth to Europe. When Columbus discovered America in 1492, cotton plants were found growing in the Bahamas. The yarn was known all over the world by 1500. In 1556 in Florida and in 1607Virginia Cotton seeds have been planted. Colonists began cultivating cotton on the banks of the James River in Virginia in 1616. In 1730, for the first time in England, the production of yarn from cotton was started using machinery.
The Industrial Revolution in England and the discovery of the cotton gin in the United States have resulted in so much demand for cotton in the world market today. In 1793, Eli Whitney patented the cotton however, records from the patent office show that two years before Whitney’s patent was invented, a mechanic named Henry Ogden Holmes made the first cotton gin.
The fast-growing gins have made it possible for the textile industry to supply large quantities of cotton. In 10 years, the value of the U.S. cotton crop has grown from $150,000 to over $8 million.
Types of Cotton
There are four varieties of commercial cotton.
1. Gossypium hirsutum – upland cotton. Found in Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean, and South Florida (90% of world production)
2. Gossypium barbadense – known as extra-long cotton. Originally originated in some parts of South America from the tropics. (8% of world production)
3. Gossypium arboreum – cotton. It is cultivated in different parts of India and Pakistan. (Less than 2% of world production)
4. Gossypium herbaceum – found in Levant cotton, South Africa, and the Arabian Peninsula (less than 2% of world production)
Cotton fibers are white, brown, pink, and green.
Successful cotton cultivation requires long periods, abundant sunshine, and moderate rainfall, typically 60 to 120 cm (24 to 48 inches). The soil usually needs to be fairly heavy, although the nutrient level does not need to be exceptional. In general, these conditions are met during the dry season in the northern & southern hemispheres and between tribal areas, but currently, a large portion of cotton is cultivated in areas with low rainfall. Planting time in spring in the Northern Hemisphere varies from early February to early June.
The region known as the southern part of the United States of America is the largest aromatic cotton-growing region in the world. With arid (non-irrigated) cotton successfully growing in this region, continuous yields are produced only with heavy reliance on irrigation water from the Ogallala aquifer. Since cotton is slightly salt and drought tolerant, it is known as an attractive crop in arid and semi-arid regions.
Apart from the yellow off-white type, cotton of other colors can also be grown in modern commercial cotton fibers. Naturally colored cotton can be found in shades of red, green, and brown.
Most cotton is harvested mechanically in the United States, Europe, and Australia, which aids in the collection of cotton without damage to the cotton plant.
Global Cotton Production
The largest producers of cotton are India & China at present, the annual production is about respectively 18.53 million tons and 17.14 million tons. These products are mostly used by their respective textile industries. Among the largest exporters of raw cotton, the United States sells $4.9 billion and Africa $2.1 billion. Total international trade is estimated at $12 billion. Africa’s cotton trade has doubled since the 1970s. Data update till 2020.
Textile production in developing countries such as India and China in East and South Asia does not have a significant domestic textile industry. In Africa, cotton is cultivated by numerous smallholders. Dunavant Enterprises is Africa’s leading cotton broker. It has hundreds of purchasing agents. It is based in Memphis, Tennessee. It manages cotton genes in Uganda, Mozambique, and Zambia.
25,000 cotton growers in the United States receive large subsidies of 2 billion a year. Although China now provides the highest level of support to the cotton sector. The future of this subsidy is uncertain and the expected expansion of the activities of African cotton brokers is taking place.
Among the top cotton-producing states in India, Maharashtra (26.63%), Gujarat (17.96%), and Andhra Pradesh (13.75%). The climate in these states is mainly wet and dry.
In the United States, the state of Texas led the total production until 2004, and the state of California had the highest yield per acre.
Advantages of Cotton
- Good absorption capacity
- Color holding capacity is high
- It can be printed well
- Easy to sew etc.
The main end-uses of cotton include:
- Clothing – Blouses, shirts, children’s clothing, swimwear, suits, jackets, pants, sweaters, hosiery, etc.
- Home fashion – Curtains, sheets, towels, table cloths, table mats, napkins, etc.
- Technical applications.
- Medical and cosmetic applications – Bandages wound plasters, etc.
Silk Fiber – How is Silk Made
Silk Fiber or yarn, a type of moth larvae called silk moth made of saliva or juice secreted from silk glands. These are insects of the genus Lepidoptera belonging to the genus Arthropoda. They do not look like worms. However, they look like butterflies when they are adults. Different species of silk moths produce different quality silk yarns.
History of Silk Yarn
Silk yarn was first discovered in China. The earliest specimens are found in 3500 BC. It is said that in the 27th century BC, an empress named Leizu was drinking tea with her companions in a garden when a silkworm fell into her teapot and one of her girl companions quickly tried to remove the cocoon from the pot. This time she noticed a kind of fine thread coming out of the cocoon. The empress reviewed the matter in-depth and decided that it was possible to weave high-quality cloth from this yarn. Then, at the behest of the empress, silk was collected and made into yarn, and later cloth was made from that yarn.
Later, on the orders of the empress, the girls started making the first silk cloth inside the palace. At that time silk weaving was big entertainment for the ladies of the palace. Then for thousands of years, the Chinese kept a secret on how silk was made. The discovery of silk led to a great advancement in the field of painting. In China, a distinctive style was created by painting silk cloth. At the behest of the Byzantine emperor Justinian, two European priests secretly learned the techniques of silk production.
Around 550 AD, silk cultivation began in Europe. By 1200, Palermo, Catania, and Como in Italy had become the largest silk-producing cities in Europe. The fine silk cloth in Sanskrit is called Anshupatta. Kautilya’s Arthashastra, written in the late 4th century BC, describes the fine cloth in Bengal.
In ancient times, silk cloth was divided into three categories in the Indian subcontinent in terms of excellence. These three parts are:
These fabrics were made from the finest quality silk yarn. These clothes were worn by the daughters of the royal and aristocratic families.
These fabrics were made from relatively low-quality silk yarn. These clothes were sometimes worn by the daughters of royal families and aristocratic families. However, it was appreciated in middle-class society. In many aristocratic families, Tasar cloth was used for certain work.
Matkar yarn was made by adding some good silk yarn to the discarded part that was left while making silk yarn for Garad and Tassar. Matka was used to make body sheets and reading dhoti (Indian male outfit).
Life Cycle of Silkworm
The life of a silkworm is divided into four stages. There are four stages:
Full-grown insects are commonly called moths. Silkworms are nocturnal. Their skin color is also dull. The female moth lays about 400-500 eggs while walking on the leaves of the tree. After laying eggs for about 24 hours, the female moth dies. The color of the egg is pale yellow. After 8-9 days, black spots appear on the eggs. In about 10 days the whole egg turns black. Then after 11-12 days, the larvae hatch from the eggs. The early stages of larvae are called pools.
Growth of Larvae
In the early stages, their skin color is light brown to white. They are very hungry. They grow by eating a lot of mulberry leaves. During this time, they eat mulberry leaves about 11-13 times a day. After that, it stays dull for 18-24 hours. Then they change the shell of the body and start eating mulberry leaves again. In this way, they change the shell four times. The adult larvae are about two inches long and are divided into three segments (head, chest, and abdomen).
They have three pairs of legs in the chest and five pairs in the abdomen. There are ten pairs of breathing holes along the sides of the body.
Turning to Cocoon
After changing the shell for the fourth time, they stop eating and start turning into moths. The full-grown moth has a long silk gland inside its body. There is a kind of juice in the glands. The juice comes out of the mouth through the duct. The name of the duct is Spinneret. The juice hardens in contact with air. During this time, they turn their face about 65 times a minute and make a covering around the body with juice. Gradually this coating becomes a hard shell. The moth with this covering is called a cocoon. This change in the silkworm is called metamorphosis. During this time their body size becomes smaller.
Full Moth Stage
After being in the moth stage for about 10 days, a kind of juice is secreted from their body. This juice melts one end of the shell. Then they cut the cocoon and came out. It is at this time that the silkworm attains the full moth stage in its life cycle. In the moth stage, the body of the silkworm is divided into head, chest, and abdomen.
End of Cycle
The head has a pair of clusters and a pair of antennas. It has four (2 + 2) legs on either side of the chest. The male moths come out first by cutting the cocoon. In adulthood, the male and female moth mate, with 400-500 yards of yarn in a cocoon. Then the male path dies. The female moth dies after laying eggs.
How Do You Collect Silk from Silkworms?
At the end of the larval stage, the silkworm stops eating, covers the body with saliva, and turns into an oval cocoon. Silk farmers kill silkworms by dipping these pods in hot water. At the same time, the cocoon becomes soft and loose in contact with hot water. This time the farmers carefully pull out one end of the silk thread with a stick. The long yarn is pulled out slowly by pulling along this edge. This yarn is called silk yarn.
It is possible to earn a lot of money by producing good-quality silk cocoons and selling them at a higher price. There is also a great demand for garments made from silk yarn abroad. By cultivating silk, it is possible to improve the economy of the country. If you want to cultivate silk, you have to cultivate a mulberry tree because silk insects feed on mulberry leaves. White mulberry, black mulberry, and red mulberry are three species of silkworms that can be cultivated.
However, the white mulberry tree is the most preferred silkworm. Mulberry leaves once planted for 20-25 years.
A strain of the Sativa plant species is Hemp. It is also cultivated for industrial use. Hemp fiber is natural fiber in fast-growing plants. One of the fibers was used about 10,000 years ago. This is used in various fields including textiles, paper, clothing, insulation, biodegradable productions, paints, and biofuels.
Hemp History Facts
Probably one of the first cultivated trees is the hemp tree. An archaeological site in the Oki Islands near Japan has had Hemp Achenes. It was about 8,000 AD. That probably indicates the use of the plant. Archaeologically, back to the Neolithic period in China, the use of hemp was found. The traces of hemp fiber have been found since the 5th millennium in the Yangshao culture. An early form of clothing, shoes, rope and paper was created by the Chinese later by using hemp. According to Elizabeth Wayland a textile expert, Hemp cultivation increased throughout the Neolithic period, from Europe (Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Romania, Ukraine) to East Asia (Tibet and China), throughout the northern latitudes.
Hemp was later cultivated mainly in Europe. It was used for ropes on many ships, including Christopher Columbus. The Spaniards brought hemp to America. It began in Chile around 1545. Colombia, Peru, and Mexico also trying to do the same. In July 1605, the people of the Samuel de Champlain Cape Cod reported the use of grass and hemp clothing, and they stated that the height of the hemp tree in their area was 4 to 5 feet.
Hemp was among the crops grown by the natives in the original Powhatan village in Richmond, in 1607, Virginia. In 1612 Samuel Argall reported that the growth of hemp on the shores of the upper Potomac was better than in England. The Puritans were first known to cultivate horns in England in 1645.
Types of Hemp Fiber
Two types of hemp fiber are available –
- Long Bast Fiber and
- Short Bast Fiber
Hemp Cultivation Process
Hemp is usually planted between September & November in the southern hemisphere and between March & May in the northern hemisphere. Hemp matures in about 3-4 months. Breeding results in a variety of traits; For example, suitable for specific environments/latitudes, different ratios, terpenoids, and cannabinoids (CBD, THC, CBG, CBC, CBN, etc.)
The use and cultivation of industrial flax were common until the 1900s. It is likely to be a profitable crop for the farmer due to the medical, structural, and dietary use of hemp. The seeds are sown at a depth of 1.27 to 2.54 cm along with other conventional seed tools of the crop. A larger seed depth results in more weeds. Phosphate can be kept with seeds but not Nitrogen. Soil nitrogen should be given at 89 to 135 kg/ha, 46 kg/ha of phosphorus, 67 kg/ha of potassium, and 17 kg/ha of sulfur. Organic fertilizer is one of the best methods of weeds control.
Environmental Impact Hemp Fiber
A 1999 study in environmental economics found Hemp to be environmentally friendly due to reduced land use and other environmental impacts, indicating a reduction in the likelihood of environmental action in the U.S. context compared to the general criteria. A Study in 2010 shows that Industrial Hemp presented a better environmental impact than Eucalyptus paper.
Hemp Producing Countries
The world’s top producer is China, which produces more than 70% of the world’s production. France is producing about a quarter of the world and holding second place. Europe, Chile, and the rest of North Korea also doing the same. Hemp is cultivated in more than 30 countries such as Austria, Australia, Chile, Canada, China, Egypt, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Germany, India, Hungary, Korea, Japan, Italy, Portugal, New Zealand, Poland, Netherlands, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Sweden, Turkey, Thailand, United Kingdom, and Ukraine.
List of Diseases of Hemp
Hemp plants can be infected by fungi, nematode viruses, bacteria, and other different pathogens. These diseases often reduce the quality of the fiber and lead to plant death. These diseases rarely affect the yield of hemp fields. Hemp production does not traditionally depend on the use of pesticides.
Use of Hemp
Rope made from Hemp is used to make a variety of commercial products. Best fibers can be used to make 100% Hemp textiles. Hemp, however, is usually mixed with cotton or silk and recycled polyester to make fabrics for clothing and furniture. The two inner fibers of the plant are wood. When oil is extracted from oxidized seeds that can be used in oil-based paints, creams as a moisturizing agent, for cooking, and plastics.
The woody evergreen plant bamboo is the largest member of the grass family. Bamboo trees usually grow together in clusters. One can see 10-80 bamboo trees together in a bunch. These bunches are called bamboo bushes. There are different types of bamboo available. There is a rapid growth of bamboo trees. Bamboo grows an average of 4 feet per day! It can survive droughts and floods.
Bamboo forests can be found in China, Japan, and most Southeast Asian states in the world. They can also be found in northern Australia, India, Africa, and the tropical states of the Americas. Bamboo is revered in China because of its durability.
Bamboo played a key role at the beginning of the eco-friendly textile revolution. Its production process is fast and the cost is low. The biggest thing is that bamboo cultivation does not require any pesticides. So, its fabrics are safe. Its fabric is a lot like silk. Garments, diapers, and towels are made with bamboo fibers. A chemical compound has also been identified from bamboo that will protect people from the sun’s harmful rays. This is especially true in Australia – where the incidence of skin cancer is relatively high.
Also, Bamboo is a Natural Fiber, which can be used as an alternative to cotton; But it can offer a lot more than cotton – such as protection from UV, antimicrobial property, instant moisture absorption, or wicking property.
Coffee Ground Fibers
Most coffee drinkers leave the coffee grounds after making their coffee. However, it is an important raw material that can be used to make fiber. The Taiwanese textile company Singtex was the first to attach a pole-patented coffee ground to a polymer and produce a masterbatch before spinning. Yarn is made by collecting used coffee grounds from reputable coffee sellers like Starbucks. The Signtex industry was the first to start making cloth with coffee ground fibers.
Advantages of Coffee Ground Fiber
- Protects from UV rays.
- Wet clothes dry quickly.
- Works as an anti-odor naturally.
- Cost less
- It takes less time
The Signtex industry gives a second life to the coffee grounds that are thrown away as garbage.
Uses of Coffee Ground Fiber
- Players’ attire
- Winter clothes
Research is also underway for use in other areas.
Clothing brands are being encouraged to use coffee ground fiber instead of conventional fabrics worldwide. It is hoped that this fiber will soon be known in the world market.
Costing & Usage of Banana Fiber
Banana is produced all year round in the hills. And abandoned bananas are usually discarded, which is of no use. That has brought new possibilities in the mountains. High-quality affordable and environmentally friendly handicrafts are being made from unused abandoned banana bark; Which has opened new doors of possibilities. And vermicompost (earthworm compost) fertilizer is being made with the rest. Apart from this, high-quality paper, handicrafts, handbags, and other products are being made by mixing jute and cotton with this artisan.
It is learned that a private development agency started this project in Khagrachari, Bangladesh. Ashutosh Roy, program officer of the project, said, “Banana bark is useless in our country. After collecting the bananas, the farmer cut down the tree. It was considered abandoned. But success has been found in the production of this natural fiber from abandoned bark. It takes five bananas to get at least 200 grams and one kg of fiber from the bark of a banana tree. The market price of one kg of banana yarn is $1.50.”
A banana tree is bought at $0.15-0.20. However, transporting bananas from far away is more expensive. Due to this the cost also increases a little. The people involved in the project said that the production of this natural fiber or yarn from the bark of the banana tree is very profitable. After saving the fiber from the collar bark, the remaining vermicompost or earthworm compost can be produced. There is a great demand for vermicompost at the farmer.
Pilot Production Project of This Natural Fiber
Currently, the work of producing yarn from the bark of the banana tree is going on in Ganjpara of Khagrachhari district headquarters. The project is being implemented under the project ‘Ananda Building Community Enterprise of Small Holders in Bangladesh’ funded by the German donor organization Wealth Hunger Hilfe. West Agro is providing technical assistance.
According to the organizers, there was a slowdown in production at the beginning of the project due to low-voltage electricity. With the recent launch of a new sub-station in Khagrachari, this problem has been alleviated. Production has also increased. However, production is being hampered due to the labor crisis due to the paddy harvesting season. They further said that the workers are paid based on their work. A worker gets $0.15 per kg of fiber or yarn production. A worker can produce a maximum of 50 kg of yarn daily with uninterrupted electricity. The yarn produced has to be dried in a shady place for two days. Then it has to be marketed with a guide.
Availability & Durability
There is a lot of banana in the hilly areas, banana trees are easily available here. The yarn obtained from the bark of the banana tree is highly durable, quality, and environmentally friendly. It is more durable when made in a mixture of jute or cotton. Which is very effective for documents, stamps, or such long-term paper. This natural fiber blended paper can last up to 350 years. The project is currently being piloted in Khagrachari, Bangladesh which will later be expanded. Various products including paper, handicrafts, and handbags are being made by mixing yarn made from the abandoned banana tree, fiber jute, or cotton with the obtained yarn.
Employment & Exporting Banana Fiber
If the project can be expanded properly, these attractive products can be exported outside the country by meeting the demand in the area. It is possible to create new jobs by eliminating the problem of unemployment in the area. Entrepreneurs say that if there is load-shedding free round-the-clock electricity, the initiative can stand as an effective industry. The project needs the cooperation of the government to expand properly. These captivating products can be exported outside the country by meeting the demand of the area. Unemployment in the region can play a role in creating new jobs. The yarn already produced is being sold at inflated prices.
Pineapple Fiber – Pinatex
Sustainability is now the most important term in the global textile sector. Now the main target of various research institutes is to make textile products without any harm to the environment, where no by-product of any kind will be made. Just to give just a small example, different types of by-products are made which are harmful to the environment in the case of various artificial fiber processes.
Pineapple Fiber pinatex is the result of a new sustainable approach by researchers to avoid this damage to the environment.
While the idea may seem incredible, pineapple leaves can be used as an alternative to leather. The London-based Ananas Anam Company has developed pineapple leaves as a natural and non-woven fabric. This is known as Pinatex. Which is capable of expressing the same properties as leather. One of the revolutionary pineapple fruits of the Philippines was able to make pineapple fabric from pineapple leaf fiber. This process is known as decoration.
Production, By-Product & Advantages of Pinatex
Pineapple leaves are taken from the tree and pineapple fiber is made through various industrial production processes. This is the basic mechanism of pinatex.
This process produces a by-product called biomass which is later used in chemical fertilizers and biogas. This closes the loop of the process and creates a completely sustainable product for the environment.
Pinatex is the result of many years of searching for alternative skin methods. It is a kind of natural tissue, free from adulteration and sustainable. It is strong, breathable, versatile, flexible, can be easily printed, sewn, and made into a variety of fabrics. This technology has won many medals. And the next step that has been taken is to supply the pineapple leaves as per the demand. So that we get an eco-friendly textile product without any kind of natural harm.
Orange Fiber – Award-Winning Natural Fiber
The number peel of citrus fruits (Oranges, Maltas, Lemons) that are produced all over the world is wasted as we throw them away! What if we regenerate fiber that is made from this shell, which is also biodegradable. This natural fiber can be used again in fashionable products like clothes or T-shirts. This may also reduce the oppression of silkworms.
One such idea came in the ‘Global Change Award’ competition of the world-famous brand H&M. This natural fiber can be made by separating cellulose from the peel of citrus fruits and processing it with chemicals. It is further stated that seven hundred thousand tons of shells were dumped in Italy alone. So where does the number stand in the world!
The Italian company is working on the discovery and development of sustainable fabric from the peel of orange/citrus fruits. Every year we dispose of 700 million tons of fruit waste, from which there is now an opportunity to make biodegradable sustainable fabric.
This fiber could bring new horizons to the future textile sector.
Milk Fiber – Healthy Natural Fiber
There are many qualities in milk. Milk is an ideal food, despite knowing that many people do not like to drink milk. All we can say to them is that even if you object to drinking milk, at least you may not mind wearing milk.
Production Process of Milk Fiber
Milk yarn is made from milk protein. To make iron, the milk is first completely drained of water. The skimmed skins are then extracted. Spinning protein fluids are made from the appendix through bioengineering. This fluid is then used to obtain high-quality textile fibers through wet spinning. During spinning, micro zinc is placed inside the fiber with pressure to increase its bacterial resistance and durability.
Clothing made from milk fiber is very comfortable and beneficial for health. It contains 16 types of amino acids that are beneficial for health.
Studies have shown that it can refresh human skin and prevent any allergies. So, the use of this natural fiber is more in children’s clothing and high-quality underwear. Moreover, different types of fiber can be made by spun milk fiber with any other fiber like cotton, wool, silk, spun silk.
PLA Fiber – Natural Fiber from Corn
We are all familiar with corn. Cornflakes, cornflower, corn oil made from corn are used in the kitchens of our country. Besides, there is popcorn and roasted corn on the side of the road. Although we have known corn for a long time as a delicacy it can be an incredible competitor to cotton, silk, or linen!
Corn contains Poly Lactic Acid, so corn fiber is also called PLA fiber. It is a textile fiber that is 100% renewable and completely environmentally friendly.
The quality of synthetic fiber and the advantages of natural fiber is a wonderful combination. Its water absorption capacity is also higher than other polyester fibers. Clothing made with cotton and corn blends is very light and high quality.
There is no comparison of corn fiber in making plain fabric, weft knit fabric, oven fabric. From these T-shirts, shirts, jerseys, duvet jackets to various textile products are being made. In addition, the use of corn fiber in the plastics and packaging industry is unique. The United States, China, and Brazil are among the top three corn-producing countries in the world.
Many garments of our well-known popular brand Armani are made from PLA fiber. In addition, Italian fashion brands Diesel, Versace, Franco Francesca, Kei Kagami of the United States are making many garments using PLA fiber. The business of these garments in the markets of the US, Japan, Europe is now eye-catching. In other words, Corn fiber garments have already seen international success.
Reasons Behind the Success of PLA Fiber in Garments
- Easy to take care of dries quickly and does not require ironing.
- The fabric does not fold easily, shrink resistance is too high.
- Excellent moisture absorption.
- This natural fiber is very shiny and bright.
- Able to protect from ultraviolet rays.
- Bacteria resist the attack of fungi, so the fabric stays good for a long time and also prevents the bad smell of sweat.
- Dyeability is good, dispersing dyeing can be used to create attractive fabrics with light and dark color shades.
- Corn fiber is like completely degradable jute fiber.
- Fully renewable annually.
The biggest advantage of this natural fiber is that its production process is not very dependent on mineral resources. In addition, it emits 60-80% fewer greenhouse gases than other fiber productions.
Despite all these awesome features, PLA fiber has some drawbacks. Corn fiber is not used to make ropes or carpets because of its low abrasion resistance. Another drawback is that this fiber melts at relatively low temperatures.
Only a handful of Corn fiber’s properties have been applied in the textile sector. That means a lot more can be done new from Corn fiber. Research on genetically modified corn is ongoing in developed countries. So, in the next few years, Corn fiber will occupy a huge place in the textile industry.
Final Words for Natural Fiber
It’s not the end of the discussion about types of natural fiber. We will get back with some new articles soon on this topic. Meanwhile, if you have any queries or suggestions then please write to us.